General information about basaltfibers
Basalt is formed by the solidify process of lava.
The crystallization process forms columns with a hexagonal shape.
The solidified lavas and intrusions constitute the igneous rocks.
Only from this igneous rock -basalt– basaltfibers can be extracted.
It is estimated that basalt has five times the volume of all other extrusive rocks together.
Basaltfiber the unknown commodity
The process of extracting basaltfibers from the lava was discovered by a Canadian in the beginning of the twenty’s century
This was the changing of the solidify process of lave , which resulted into an amorphous material.
Until recent the “ West “ did not pay much attention to this discovery .
The “East” particularly the former Soviet Union discovered the outstanding properties of the basaltfiber material and produced all kinds of military goods with basaltfiber. It was therefore qualified as military good and the knowledge about the fibers and its applications was very confidential , even a secret .
It was until the late nineties that this status was lifted.
It seems that nowadays also the “West” is also looking with a growing interest to this basaltfiber.
More and more tables are published with the different properties between the well know fibers in connection with basalt fiber.
In general the basaltfiber can be placed between glassfiber and carbonfiber.
Many academic studies are published nowadays about the properties and applications of this natural fiber – the basaltfibers – in all kinds of industries.